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In the Kirovohrad region, a police officer is suspected of attempted rape


Chairman of the Executive Committee of the National Reform Council

Age: 52 years

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He was born in Tbilisi. As it is not traditional in Georgia to call names by their patronymics, Mikheil Saakashvili does not introduce himself and does not suggest using Mikheil Nikolozovich in his address.

His father Nikoloz was a doctor, he left the family when Michael was a child, so he grew up with his stepfather Zurabo Cometiani. Cometiani was a professor of psychology, chairman of the scientific council of the Institute of Physiology. Beritashvili. His mother is Giuli Alasania, a professor of history.

Education:

In 1992 he graduated with honors from the Faculty of International Law of the Institute of International Relations of the Kyiv National University. He studied with Petro Poroshenko. In 1994, he completed a master’s degree in law from Columbia University in New York. In 1995, he received his doctorate from George Washington University at the Florentine Academy of Law. In 1995 he graduated from the Hague Academy of International Law.

Career:

Since 1992 — worked in the State Committee of Georgia for Human Rights.

Political activity:

1995-1999, 1999-2000 — Member of the Parliament of Georgia, Chairman of the Committee on Constitutional, Legal Affairs and Legality, Chairman of the Parliamentary Faction of the Union of Citizens.

2000 — Vice President of the PACE. Member of the Main Council of the Union of Citizens of Georgia.

2000-2001 — Minister of Justice of Georgia.

2001 — elected a member of the Georgian parliament under the majority system. He created the political organization «United National Movement», elected chairman of the Tbilisi Sakrebulo (representative assembly). One of the initiators of mass protests against Shevardnadze demanding the resignation of the government and holding new elections. The protest ended with the so-called «Rose Revolution» (November 20-23, 2003).

After being ousted, Shevardnadze ran in the early presidential election. The election took place on January 4, 2004 and ended in Saakashvili’s victory, with 96.27% of the vote. As president, he announced his intention to regain control of Georgia’s South Ossetia and Abkhazia. After his meeting in Brussels with European Commission President Romano Prodi, Georgia was included in the list of candidate countries for EU membership. Saakashvili said that Georgia should join the European Union no later than 2009.

November 2, 2007 — an indefinite opposition rally began in front of the Georgian parliament building, one of the demands of which was the transition to a parliamentary republic. On November 7, Georgian special forces used water cannons and tear gas to disperse a rally, and the opposition demanded Saakashvili’s immediate resignation. About 500 people were injured during the dispersal of the opposition rally. Authorities banned the Caucasus and Imedi TV channels, as well as the opposition Rustavi-2 TV channel.

November 25, 2007 — resigned as President.

January 20, 2008 — November 17, 2013 — President of Georgia.

Criminal cases:

March 23, 2014 — Saakashvili is summoned to testify at the Georgian Prosecutor General’s Office, planning to interrogate him in connection with his 2008 pardon of four high-ranking officials of the Georgian Interior Ministry’s Constitutional Security Department — Gia Alania, Avtandil Aptsiauri, Alexander Gachava and Mikheil Bihailu. on the murder on January 28, 2006 of a bank employee Sandro Girgvliani, as well as for illegal actions against his acquaintance Levan Buhaidze.

July 28, 2014 — The former president is accused of abuse of power in the dispersal of an opposition rally in November 2007, the defeat of Imedi TV and the seizure of property from the company’s founder Badri Patarkatsishvili.

August 1, 2014 — The Tbilisi City Court granted the request of the Prosecutor General’s Office of Georgia and in absentia chose Saakashvili’s pre-trial detention as a precautionary measure; Saakashvili called his arrest in absentia unfounded.

August 13, 2014 — Saakashvili was charged with embezzlement. According to the Georgian prosecutor’s office, Saakashvili spent public funds on cooks, masseurs, hotels and yacht charters. In particular, he is accused that in the period from 2009 to 2012 he spent about $ 450,000 on cosmetic procedures for himself and his family. On August 14, the Georgian Prosecutor General’s Office declared Saakashvili wanted internally. He himself called the accusations against him cynical and baseless.

In September 2014, the Georgian Prosecutor General’s Office seized the property of the ex-president, his wife and mother. The Georgian prosecutor’s office has charged Saakashvili with beating the member of parliament Valery Gelashvili on July 14, 2005.

Saakashvili’s homeland is under investigation in four episodes, and if his guilt is proven in court, the former Georgian president faces up to 11 years in prison.

Saakashvili and Ukraine:

2005 — During the Orange Revolution in Ukraine, he supported the leader of «Our Ukraine» Yushchenko. On January 1, 2005, he performed on the Maidan stage in Kyiv.

December 7, 2013 — arrived in Kyiv, where he met with the leader of the UDAR party Klitschko and performed from the stage of Euromaidan.

December 2014 — received an offer to become the First Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine, but he refused due to unwillingness to change Georgian citizenship.

February 13, 2015 — President Poroshenko established the International Advisory Council on Reforms and appointed Saakashvili as its chairman, who promised to coordinate the supply of Western weapons to Ukraine. After that, on February 25, he was in talks in the US Congress on providing Ukraine with defense weapons.

In May 2015, Saakashvili was admitted to Ukrainian citizenship as a person whose citizenship is in the state interest of Ukraine and appointed governor of Odessa region.

November 7, 2016 — announced the resignation of the head of the Odessa Regional State Administration after the conflict with Petro Poroshenko.

February 28, 2017 — The Ministry of Justice of Ukraine officially registered Saakashvili’s New Forces Movement party, which became the 353rd in Ukraine. The party claimed a seat in parliament. however did not pass.

May 8, 2020 — after lengthy negotiations with deputies on the election of Saakashvili to the post of Deputy Prime Minister for Reforms, Volodymyr Zelensky chose another position for him (due to lack of votes for his appointment) — appointed Saakashvili as chairman of the Executive Committee of the National Reform Council.



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